Cold prevention

From a medical point of view, there is no cure for the common cold. After all, what is a cold? The vast majority is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract. As a result, the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract becomes inflamed, which manifests itself in the form of runny nose, pharyngitis, sneezing.

To date, drugs that effectively affect the causative agents of colds do not exist. Therefore, the main task of each person should be no further treatment of symptoms of the disease, prevention of colds.

We are preparing for an epidemic

In order to infect the body, you need three components:

  • source of infection or a sick person who releases viruses into space during breathing, coughing, with drops of saliva and nasal secretions;
  • susceptible organism with weakened immunity;
  • body contact with the virus.

One of the first rules for preventing colds is to strengthen the immune system. To this end, long before the outbreak of colds and flu, consider the following recommendations.

1. Reduce your nicotine and alcohol intake. Nicotine dries the nasal mucosa. As a result, the action of the ciliary epithelium is paralyzed - the thinnest hairs that cover the mucous membranes of the lungs and nose, due to the movement of which the virus is washed away. Alcohol contributes to dehydration.

2. Strengthens immunity regular contrast shower, sports, sauna.

3. Eat more fruits and vegetables, especially dark green, red and yellow. Chew food slowly. Thus, vitamins and trace elements are absorbed much better.

4. Excellent prevention of colds - complete rest and no stress. Avoid sleep deprivation. During sleep, the immune system regenerates, which is the best protection against viral diseases.

5. Get vaccinated against the flu.

During the epidemic

Take additional measures as soon as the first signs of an epidemic appear.

1. The most reliable prevention of colds - keeping your hands clean. Viruses are transmitted by airborne droplets. That is why we are surrounded on all surfaces without exception. It is possible not to contact the sick person directly, but to be infected, having touched after it to a telephone handset, a handrail in transport, etc. Many microbes remain viable for up to several hours.

Wash your hands as often as possible, always after visiting the street or any crowded place, before and after meals, after contact with patients and before contact with children. If it is not possible to wash your hands thoroughly, you should use alcohol-based wipes or special means for cleaning hands without water, which are sold in pharmacies and cosmetics stores.

2. Do not touch the face. Viruses enter the body through the mucous membranes of the mouth, eyes and nose. Touching infected hands to the face increases the risk of infection.

3. Drink plenty of fluids. The fluid washes out of the body all the harmful and fills it with moisture. The amount of fluid should not be less than 2 liters per day.

Finally, I would like to note that the best prevention of colds is optimism and the belief that the disease will not affect you.