Vitamins during pregnancy

We have all heard that it is necessary to take vitamins during pregnancy. However, recently there are more and more reports that the benefits of vitamin and mineral complexes are greatly exaggerated, and excessive consumption of vitamins will do more harm.

Both points of view have a right to exist - vitamins are needed during pregnancy, but everything should be in moderation.

The advantage of multivitamin complexes is that they contain all the necessary vitamins and trace elements in sufficient quantities.

The disadvantage is that the body is sometimes unable to absorb large doses of synthetic vitamins, so the load on the liver, which processes these vitamins, and the kidneys, which excrete excess. In addition, not all vitamin complexes take into account the possible interaction and resistance of different vitamins. Also, vitamins during pregnancy are often the cause of allergic reactions.

Tablets should not be chewed or broken, because they are made by a special technology that counteracts the vitamins in the tablet must be "isolated" from each other.In addition, the shell protects vitamins from premature destruction.
When to start taking vitamins during pregnancy

When planning a pregnancy, it is enough to take folic acid and iodine, because deficiency of these substances is most common. In addition, for the prevention and treatment of beriberi in the planning stage of pregnancy, the usual multivitamin complexes are enough, and vitamins for pregnant women to take early.

Up to 12 weeks of pregnancy, multivitamins are often prescribed in conjunction with folic acid, vitamin E and iodine.

After 12 weeks, additional intake of folic acid is no longer required, additional intake of iodine is required if it is not contained in multivitamin complexes.

From time to time you should give rest to your body (a month to take vitamins during pregnancy - then 1-2 weeks break).

During lactation, a woman's need for vitamins is also increased, so you can continue to take multivitamins for pregnant women.

Also, a young mother can take additional calcium supplements, as a lot of calcium is lost with milk (during pregnancy, calcium supplements are not recommended, as it can be deposited in the placenta and disrupt its function). However, you need to make sure that the vitamins do not cause allergies in the baby or any disorders of the digestive tract. In case of allergic reactions or stool disorders in a child, multivitamins should be discontinued.

The question often arises whether you need to change multivitamin complexes, or take the same vitamins throughout pregnancy and lactation. If multivitamins are right for you, do not cause digestive disorders and allergic reactions, you can stay true to your multivitamin complexes.

Recently, there are reports that vitamins during pregnancy can harm the unborn child and even cause malformations. However, this is possible only if the dose of vitamins during pregnancy many times exceeds the body's need.

Vitamin intake during pregnancy

To determine the need of pregnant and lactating women for vitamins and trace elements, I will give their consumption norms:

Vitamin / trace element - Need for pregnant and lactating women

A - 1000-2500ME

C - 70-100 mg


E - 10-15ME

Folic acid - 400-800 mcg

B1 - 1.0-1.5 mg

B2 - 1.1-3.0 mg

B6 - 2.5

B12 - 3-4 mcg

Biotin - 30-100 mcg

Nicotinamide (B3) - 18-20 mg

Pantothenic acid (B5) - 4-7 mg

Calcium - 1000-1200 mg

Iodine - 175-200 mcg

Iron - 30 mg

Magnesium - 50 mg

Copper - 1.5-3.0 mg

Zinc - 15-20 mg

Chromium - 50-200 mcg

Molybdenum - 75-250 mcg

Manganese - 2.0-5.0 mg

Selenium - 65-75 mg

The needs of pregnant and lactating women do not differ significantly.

When studying the norms of vitamin consumption during pregnancy, it should be borne in mind that the table shows the average norms. Depending on the characteristics of the diet and the presence of a deficiency of certain vitamins in the body, these standards may vary.

They also depend on the characteristics of the pregnancy, the height and weight of the woman, the season (for example, in the summer season requires less vitamin D).

Multivitamin complexes are designed to meet the needs of any woman in any season, even if she will not receive vitamins from food. Therefore, in order not to overload your body, vitamins during pregnancy should be taken in courses, after a month of giving the body a rest for at least 2 weeks (the more complete the diet, the more may be these breaks).